Usakhelouri

Usakhelouri

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A local red grapevine variety distributed in Tsageri district, mostly in Zubiokureshi, and used for high quality naturally semi-sweet and red table wine production. Among the native viticulturists, mostly in Ambrolauri and Oni districts, Usakhelouri is known also by the name Okureshuli.

Usakhelouri originated from a local family of domesticated grapevine varieties. With its morphological and agricultural characteristics is close to the native varieties and, together with them, belongs to the ecological-geographical group of Prol. pontica sub-prol. Georgica Negr. It is different from them mostly by the covering of leaf and also by the lateness of the first harvesting period.

The written historical recordings about its origin are unavailable, but its exclusive location in Tsageri; its being well suited and adapted to the climate and soil conditions; and the fact that its name is taken from one of the villages, are clear evidence underlining Usakhelouri’s local origin. Some botanical and biological properties – interlacing growing, relatively long and thick shoot, regular bright brown incision of the petiole, thin web-like covering, middle sized bunches, quite small berries, inequality in berries size and ripening -give us reason to believe in its similarity to wild vines, and that Usakhelouri must have been taken from the forest and then domesticated in the recent past. According to native residents, Usakhelouri was transmitted from the village Usakhelo and then spread in Lechkhumi. These opinions are also proved by our honorable scientist acad. Iv Javakhishvili (7) who underlined that Usakhelouri took its name from the village Usakhelouri which was situated on the right bank of the river Lakanuri in Lechkhumi.